Chronic Disease Management

Chronic disease management is critical to continued management of various diseases.

A chronic condition is a health condition or disease that is persistent or long-lasting in its effects. Many chronic diseases are preventable with good exercise, a well balanced diet and avoidance of smoking.


Diabetes, as described by the National Diabetes Information Clearinghouse (NDIC) as a disorder of metabolism-the way our bodies use digested food for growth and energy.

Most of the food we eat is broken down into glucose, the form of sugar in the blood. Glucose is the main source of fuel for the body. After digestion, glucose passes into the bloodstream, where it is used by cells for growth and energy. For glucose to get into cells, insulin must be present.

Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas, a large gland behind the stomach. When we eat, the pancreas automatically produces the right amount of insulin to move glucose from blood into our cells.

In people with diabetes, however, the pancreas either produces little or no insulin, or the cells do not respond appropriately to the insulin that is produced. Glucose builds up in the blood, overflows into the urine, and passes out of the body in the urine. Thus, the body loses its main source of fuel even though the blood contains large amounts of glucose.

Illinois Tobacco Quitline

1-866-QUIT-YES (1-866-784-8937)

Quitting smoking is hard, and we are here to help. The American Lung Association Call Center/Tobacco Quitline provides smoking cessation counseling, free of charge, over the telephone. Trained professionals, including registered nurses, respiratory therapists, and trained smoking cessation counselors assist smokers in developing a plan structured to their smoking behavior. Follow-up calls may be placed to review progress. Referrals to local cessation programs may be given.